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ARTIGO ORIGINAL

Abordagem transxifóidea sem esternotomia para correção da comunicação interatrial

Miguel Barbero-MarcialI; Marcelo B JateneI; Carla TanamatiI; Nana Miura IkariI; Edmar AtikI; Munir EbaidI; Geraldo VerginelliI; Adib D JateneI

DOI: 10.1590/S0102-76381996000400011

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Avaliação de uma nova abordagem cirúrgica para fechamento da comunicação interatrial. MÉTODOS: A abordagem da comunicação interatrial através da janela xifóidea foi realizada em 6 pacientes do sexo masculino e 1 do sexo feminino e a idade variou de 6 meses a 14 anos, com média de idades de 5,1 anos. Em todos, foi utilizada acirculação extracorpórea, através de canulação da artéria femoral e átrio direito e videotoracoscopia para auxiliar a visibilização da aorta e do canal arterial, assim como das estruturas correspondentes às cavidades esquerdas. RESULTADOS: Não houve complicações intra-operatórias ou pós-operatórias e, em todos os pacientes, foi possível a extubação na sala de operações. CONCLUSÃO: A janela xifóidea, sem a abertura do esterno, permitiu a correção da comunicação interatrial com bons resultados, podendo constituir-se em uma nova abordagem, minimamente invasiva.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Evaluate a new access for surgical correction of atrial septal defects. METHODS: The access by xiphoid window was done in 7 cases with atria! septal defect type ostium secundum. The age ranged from 6 months to 14 years, mean-age 5.1 years old. In all cases the extracorporeal circulation was done with femoral artery and right atrial cannulation and aortic clamping. The video-assisted endoscopy was utilized to help the visualization of the aorta, ductus arteriosus and the anatomy of the left intracardiac structures. RESULTS: There was no intraoperative or postoperative complications and in our 7 cases the extubation at the operating room was possible. CONCLUSION: The xiphoid window without opening the sternum permited correction of the atrial septal defect with good results and without complications, and could be used as a new technique, less invasive, to correct these defects.
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Article receive on sábado, 30 de novembro de 1996

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